Homemade Dog Food For Chihuahuas Guide: Recipes, Nutrition & Tips

chihuahua homemade dog food

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This is the most comprehensive guide to learning how to make homemade dog food for Chihuahuas.

Cooking for Chihuahuas requires planning and understanding your dog’s breed-specific essential nutritional requirements and more.

This guide lays out everything to know about cooking for your chichi, including essential steps you might have overlooked.

So, what can I cook for my Chihuahua? Here is how to put together a balanced homemade diet for Chihuahuas that is also tasty!

Benefits of Chihuahua Homemade Dog Food

Are there appreciable health and nutritional benefits that make home cooking from your Chihuahua appealing?

Jennifer A. Larsen, DVM, MS, Ph.D., and Joe Bartges, DVM, Ph.D., board-certified veterinary nutritionists and diplomates of the American College of Veterinary Nutrition, says some of the benefits you can expect when you start feeding your dog homemade dog food include:

  • Diet management
  • Appeasing picky dog eaters
  • Combatting food intolerance and allergy issues
  • Avoid concern over food recalls
  • Bond-building

Additionally, a homemade dog diet is generally the healthiest alternative. It’s free of additives or preservatives, unlike regular kibble. It promotes healthier digestion and can prevent many conditions associated with a poor diet, such as obesity, poor skin and coat condition, pancreatitis, diabetes, and reduced immunity.

Food & Chihuahuas Health: Why Feed Homemade?

As a Chihuahua dog owner, you need to know the relationship between food and your Chihuahua’s health and how homemade food can help keep your Chihuahua free from food-related health conditions.

Dan Carey, D.V.M., with Iams Research and Development division, says one of the biggest problems found in pet Chihuahuas is obesity. Due to their small size, one snack or table treat can easily wind up being 1/3 of the daily food (calorie) intake of a Chihuahua, which can lead to obesity quickly.

Chihuahuas are also highly susceptible to food allergies and intolerances that tend to manifest as chronic ear infections, vomiting, diarrhea, and red, inflamed, and flaky skin. Hair loss and a dull, dry coat are also symptoms of food allergies in the Chihuahua breed.

So, how can homemade diet help with all of this?

Because you can control what goes into a homemade diet, you can design a calorie-controlled, low-fat diet for your Chihuahua. Plus, you pick only healthy ingredients and don’t contribute to weight gain.

What about food allergies in Chichuahas? Reducing food allergic reactions starts with diets with vitamins, fatty acids (Omega-3 and Omega-6), amino acids, and minerals to decrease inflammatory responses, and homemade dog food has those critical components. Home cooking lets you pick only those ingredients you know won’t cause an allergic reaction to your Chihuahua.

As a good home-cooking practice, we strongly suggest you consider doing an At-Home Dog Allergy Test to identify which foods your Chihuahua is allergic to so you can avoid those ingredients in their next meal.

If you suspect your dog has food allergies, talk to your vet or a board-certified veterinary nutritionist for professional advice.

Chihuahua Homemade Dog Food Risks

An important tip when cooking for your Chihuahua is to AVOID feeding your Chihuahua table scraps, says Sandra Whittle of Chesterfield, Virginia, Chihuahua Club of America past president.

Overfeeding a Chihuahua with scraps, treats or dog food disrupts its normal fat composition. It can lead to problems in puppyhood that carry over into adulthood, such as abnormal bone development (bone weakening and bowing), obesity, skin problems, and rickets.

Remember, it doesn’t take much to unbalance their diet due to their size.

Other risks include:

  • Using inadequate or dangerous recipes
  • Not preparing a balanced meal
  • Using unsafe or harmful ingredients
  • Not understanding the impact of food and dietary changes
  • Not understanding the nutritional needs of your Chihuahua

The University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary tested 200 recipes and found that most recipes lacked some essential nutrients in dogs.

What’s even more concerning is that a study published in the Journal of Nutritional Science found that 48% of home-prepared diets for dogs had no precise determination of ingredients and quantities and that 71.3 % of pet owners lacked information on how much to feed the animal.

That is exactly why we strongly recommend getting guidance on your dog’s breed-specific nutritional needs from a veterinary nutritionist, using recipes reliable sources, or using a homemade dog food delivery service to minimize the risk of exposing your Chihuahua to malnutrition which can lead to major health problems.

Chihuahua Nutritional Guidelines to Follow

How do you ensure you meet your Chihuahua’s dietary requirements?

An important step is to consider your Chihuahua’s weight, health condition, size, and activity level.

Then, make sure the homemade diet for your Chihuahua has the six essential nutrients any dog meal should always have, according to The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AFFCO)

Protein Chicken, lamb, turkey, beef, fish, yogurt and cooked eggsBuilds and repairs muscles and other body tissues. Needed to make new skin cells, grow hair, hormones, enzymes and more.
Carbohydrates Oats, brown rice, potatoes, and whole wheat Source of energy for dogs and supplies glucose needed by the brain, nervous system and other critical organs for normal function.
Fat From meats and oils such as olive or sunflower oil, fish oil, canola oils among others Responsible for providing quality energy. Necessary for the normal development and function of body cells, nerves, muscles, and body tissues
Minerals Calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron, zinc, etc. Common functions include the formation of bone and cartilage, nerve and muscle function, fluid balance regulation, the transportation of oxygen in the bloodstream and hormone production.
WaterWaterHydration is critical in dogs. A dog that loses too much water (10% to 15% of the water in his body) can get very sick and even die. Ensure they have water available throughout the day.
VitaminsA, B, C, D, E, and K Keeps skin and coat healthy, strengthens bones and teeth, and gives them the overall energy that they need to function.

Most homemade dog food recipes often don’t contain enough of certain nutrients, such as vitamins. Supplementing your dog’s diet with a multivitamin like Zesty Paws Multivitamin Chews will ensure your Chihuahua is getting the recommended balance of vitamins and minerals.

Formulating a completely balanced diet for your Chihuahua’s specific needs can be difficult without professional advice. We suggest consulting a veterinary nutritionist to help create an individualized diet for your Chihuahua. 

Never improvise when cooking for your pup. If you need more help cooking Chihuahua food at home, an excellent resource is Home-Prepared Dog & Cat Diets: the Healthful Alternative by Donald R. Strombeck, DVM, Ph.D., a long-time expert in veterinary medicine. This book it’s considered by many pet nutritionists to be the Bible of healthy homemade dog nutrition.

Health Dietary Changes In Chihuahua

The following chart will show you the dietary needs and adjustments you need to make if your Chihuahua develops these food-related conditions caused by allergens.

A fresh homemade food approach accompanied by the following suggestions can help manage these conditions. Let’s take a look!

ConditionDietary Needs & Adjustments

Coat Color Changes

Increase amino acids which can be found in protein (>75 grams per 1000 calories)
Concurrent GI Signs

Avoid foods with tryptamine and histamine such as dairy or fermented vegetables and meats (yes, this includes bacon); try a simple ingredient food trial

Chronic Itching and Dermatitis

Fortify the diet with Vitamin E, B Vitamins, Zinc, omega-6 and the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil; add a dog probiotic; try a simple ingredient food trial
Dull Coat and Scaling

Adjust EPA and DHA levels in the diet (added fish oil being the most common way); try a food that has added zinc

Dandruff and Crustiness

Add Zinc and Vitamin A levels

Chart Source: NomNomNow.com

Pro Tip: Chihuahuas are prone to develop skin and coat conditions. If your Chihuahuas suffers from skin irritation, dull or dry coat, adding a couple of squirts of fish oil to their meals can provide relief and nourishment to keep skin and coats in the best condition.

Chihuahua Calorie Requirements

According to the AKC, Chihuahuas weigh no more than 6 pounds. Based on the average weight of this breed, most Chihuahuas will typically require 236 calories. If you are feeding treats, make sure you follow the 10% rule. So, food would equal 212 calories (90%) and treats 24 calories (10%)

Pregnant and nursing Chihuahuas may require 1 to 2 times the calories of a normal healthy adult Chihuahuas as the mother’s energy requirements increase after delivery and lactation. Always consult with your veterinarian.

Homemade Food For Chihuahua Puppies

A Chihuahua puppy’s diet varies from that of an adult Chihuahua.

Knowing how much your Chihuahua weighs is vital to determine the number of calories they require per day.

Here is how many calories Chihuahuas would need per pound of body weight.

  • 1lb. 67 calories per day
  • 2 lb. 104 calories per day
  • 3 lb. 144 calories per day
  • 4 lb. 174 calories per day
  • 5 lb. 209 calories per day

You must split the daily calories needed by your Chihuahua puppy into different meals throughout the day. For instance, if your Chihuahua weighs 3 pounds and requires 144 calories per day. You would do three homemade meals of 48 calories each.

As explained in our nutritional guidelines above, a Chihuahua puppy’s homemade diet should contain a proper balance of proteins, carbohydrates, fat, minerals, water, and vitamins.

Be sure to contact your veterinarian about your puppy’s diet. They will be able to give you expert advice and suggestions.

Homemade Dog Food Delivery Service

Do you want to provide your Chihuahua with the benefits of a homemade diet but don’t have the time or the foggiest idea of where to begin? The Farmer’s Dog can help!

They deliver vet-designed, fresh-prepared homemade dog food tailored to your Chihuahuas’ dietary needs straight to your door. Everything is made from real, human-grade, all-natural ingredients (meats, veggies, grains, etc.)

Let the experts do the cooking for you, so you never have to worry about using the wrong ingredients, counting nutrients, portions sizes, and more.

It’s worth the cost after you add up the prices of all the ingredients you’ll need to cook a recipe. It’s a huge time-saver, and you can spend your time on more important things.

Our readers have access to save 50% off their first The Farmer’s Dog order. No code is needed, just use this link, and the discount will be applied!

Read Our Full The Farmer’s Dog Review

Chihuahua Homemade Food Tips

Once you decide on a recipe for your Chihuahua, it’s time to make it. We recommend following these tips.

  1. Set a consistent feeding schedule.
  2. Feed your Chihuahua twice a day (puppies under 5 months, 3 times a day. Check with your veterinarian).
  3. Meal prep weekly or monthly.
  4. Measure and control portion sizes depending on your dog’s calorie needs.
  5. Keep meals frozen for 2 to 3 months or refrigerated for about 5 days.
  6. Make a new batch when the food supply is getting low.
  7. If you want to feed different recipes, you can make multiple batches and color code by ingredients, rotating out the different meals.
  8. Prepare the food in bulk and portion it into containers (one container per meal makes it extra-easy).
  9. Increase portions appropriately as your puppy grows.
  10. Monitor weight to make sure you are feeding the proper amount of calories.

Cooking Homemade Dog Food For Chihuahuas

This video will get you started if you’ve never made food for your canine companion.

Best Chihuahua Homemade Food Recipes

Whether you are looking for homemade dog food for a senior Chihuahua, an overweight Chihuahua, or a Chihuahua puppy, these are the best homemade dog food recipes for Chihuahuas!

We also threw in a yummy and super healthy treat recipe. This recipe has great benefits for your pup’s health and wellness. It has our favorite secret ingredient, dog CBD oil.

Note: Please consult with your pet’s veterinarian and use personal judgment when applying this information to your dog’s diet. The recipes below do not include serving size because portion sizes will vary depending on breed, weight, activity level, age, and dog’s health. A common recommendation is to feed your dog a comparable amount of ounces/cups to what you would usually feed in kibble BUT check with your vet to be certain.

CBD-Infused Dog Treats

There are many benefits to CBD dog treats, including helping with seizures, anxiety, arthritis, inflammation, pain, wellness, preventive care, and many other health conditions. 

Treat your Chihuahua with these nutritious, therapeutic, and delicious dog treats containing CBD oil. Made with pumpkin, they contain essential vitamins and minerals (like vitamin A, potassium, vitamin C, and iron). In addition, pumpkin is hydrating and aids digestion. Coconut is added for skin and coat, digestion, and helps reduce allergic reactions.

Ensure that you give your pup the proper dosage of CBD by checking with your veterinarian first.

CBD dog treats can also be purchased already prepared so that your pup can reap all the benefits of CBD.


  • 2 1/2 cups gluten-free flour
  • 1/2 cup oats
  • 1 cup pumpkin puree
  • 1 Tbsp coconut sugar
  • 1 apple, cored and grated
  • 1/2 cup carrots, peeled and grated
  • 1/2 cup peanut butter
  • 1 egg, beaten
  • 1/3 cup olive or coconut oil
  • 1/2 cup water
  • dash of sea salt
  • 120 mg CBD oil


  1. Preheat the oven to 350ºF. Grease a dog cookie baking tray with coconut oil.
  2. Core and grate the apples, then peel and grate the carrots.
  3. In a medium-sized bowl, combine the gluten-free flour, oats, and coconut sugar. In another medium-sized bowl, beat the egg. Then, add coconut oil, water, and grated apples and carrots.
  4. Add wet ingredients to dry ingredients bowl; mix completely. Finally, add CBD oil and mix once more.
  5. Using a Tbsp measuring spoon, portion out the dog biscuits and press into the dog treat baking pan. Bake, 32-37 minutes or until the biscuits are firm and golden-brown on the outside.
  6. Store in an air-tight container.

Recipe from: Truth Theory

Wholesome Ground Sirloin Veggie

This recipe is a healthy and vibrant alternative to traditional dog food. Your Chihuahua will be delighted with this simple yet delicious beef mixture, build eggs, vegetables, and tender herbs. It’s made with 100% human-grade ingredients.


  • 6 cups cooked organic brown rice
  • 2 pounds ground lean beef, cooked through, fat drained
  • 4 hard-boiled eggs, peeled and diced small
  • 3 carrots, shredded or thinly sliced
  • 1/4–1/2 cup minced fresh parsley or 1/4 cup dried herbs
  • 3 tablespoons of olive or safflower oil


  1. Start with cooking the eggs
  2. While the rice is cooking, you can brown the sirloin and get all of the fresh ingredients together.
  3. Combine all of the ingredients in a large container and stir to combine thoroughly.
  4. Store in the refrigerator in-between feedings.

Recipe from: This Messisours

Turkey & Vegetable Dinner

A great recipe for making sure your Chihuahua is fit, trim, well-fed, and full of energy. It’s ideal for overweight Chihuahuas that want or lose a few pounds.

This basic dog food recipe includes fish oil to make sure your pet gets his Omega-3 fats, which are great for the immune system. It comes with turkey for protein and vegetables for added vitamins and minerals.


  • 4 cups of water
  • 1 pound of ground turkey
  • 2 cups of brown rice
  • 1 cup of carrots, chopped
  • 1 cup of green beans, chopped
  • 1 tablespoon of fish oil


  1. Cook the ground turkey in a non-stick skillet over medium heat until the meat is cooked through
  2. Add the brown rice, turkey, and water to a large pot and bring to a boil
  3. Reduce the heat to medium-low and cook for an additional 15 minutes or until the rice is soft and tender
  4. Add the carrots and green beans and cook for an additional 5 to 10 minutes until the vegetables are tender
  5. Allow cooling before serving
  6. Store extra dinners in the fridge for up to five days

Pro tip: Avoid using heavy oil to brown the turkey. Its high-fat content may upset your dog’s stomach.

Recipe from: Moneycrashers

Banana, Peanut Butter & Yogurt Smoothie

Dog-friendly smoothies make a delicious and nutritious treat for Chihuahuas.

This fun banana, peanut butter smoothie is a great way to provide your Chichis with a burst of vitamins and beneficial minerals. Remember, this is just an occasional treat, and it shouldn’t act as a meal replacement.


  • 103 grams (about ¾ cup) sliced, frozen banana
  • ⅛ cup smooth peanut butter (make sure there is no xylitol, here are your best options)
  • 3 cups of plain, low-fat yogurt


  • Freeze your banana for a few hours or overnight.
  • Measure out the above amounts of yogurt, peanut butter, and frozen banana and blend until smooth.
  • Once prepared, the smoothie can also be frozen to make a fun frozen treat.

Nutritional Content:  834 calories; 27% protein calories (225 calories); 31% fat calories (259 calories); 42% carbohydrate calories (350 calories); 80.4% moisture.

NOTE: Remember not to exceed your Chihuahua’s calorie needs per day. Consult your veterinarian before feeding any new foods to your dogs or if you are unsure.

Recipe from: Pet Central

Fiber Filled Meal

Fiber is pretty awesome for your dog! If your Chihuahua stool has any irregularities or maybe Fido has digestive function issues, chances are fiber can help.

This recipe provides a burst of vitamins and beneficial minerals. You shouldn’t give this to your dog more than twice a week as they need protein in their diet.

Beware: Too much fiber in your dog’s diet will cause her to poop way too much.

homemade food for golden retrievers


  • 1 lb. Ground Turkey
  • 1 lb. Shredded Chicken
  • 3 cups Water
  • 1 medium Sweet Potato, peeled and diced
  • 2 cups Brown Rice
  • 1/2 cup Lentils
  • 2 tbsp. Pumpkin Puree (not pumpkin pie filling)
  • 1 cup Chopped Spinach
  • 2 tsp. Olive Oil


  1. Boil turkey and chicken in 3 cups of water over medium heat for 20 minutes
  2. Remove the meat from the water and set aside
  3. Add rice, lentils, and sweet potato to the water and return to a boil – Cook for 15 minutes
  4. Add remaining ingredients and cook until the liquid has been absorbed.
  5. Mix in the cooked meat and serve warm
  6. Freeze unused portions and feed as directed by your vet

Source: Withasplashofcolor

For even more Chihuahua homemade food recipes and cooking options, check out Home Cooking for Your Dog: 75 Holistic Recipes for a Healthier Dog.

Best Homemade Dog Food Cooking Practices

Here are some general guidelines to follow when cooking homemade dog food for your Chihuahua.

  • Never use unsafe or toxic ingredients for your dog
  • Cook all animal products thoroughly to kill harmful bacteria
  • Cook all grains, beans, and starchy vegetables to make them easier to digest
  • Research every ingredient before using it for safety
  • Follow the recipe as instructed
  • Add supplements to their diet as needed
  • Understand the impact of dietary changes
  • Run any questions by a veterinary nutritionist

What Foods Should Your Chihuahua Never Eat?

There are some foods dogs aren’t allowed to due to toxicity dangers. Here are the top ones you need to avoid in recipes.

  • Chocolate
  • Xylitol
  • Onions and garlic
  • Avocados
  • Coffee, tea, and other caffeine
  • Grapes and raisins
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Raw bread dough
  • Alcohol

Check out this handy list for a comprehensive list of all foods to avoid. Please print it out and put it on your refrigerator as a reminder.

Chihuahua Raw Diet (BARF)

A raw dog diet is meant to be similar to the diet of what dogs ate in the wild millions of years ago. Raw dog foods usually include organs, muscle, whole or ground bones, raw eggs, fresh fruits and vegetables, and dairy.

Several kinds of raw dog foods are available, including homemade raw dog food and store-bought (frozen, freeze-dried, and dehydrated).

Preparing a BARF diet for your Chihuahua requires extra care and planning since the risk of contamination and nutritional imbalance is higher when handling raw foods.

Raw dog diets are gaining popularity because of their fantastic health benefits for teeth, coat, digestion, and allergies. Read our raw dog food diet article if you are interested in learning more about the benefits and risks, and get the best commercial raw food diet for your Chihuahua.

Monitor Weight And Health

It’s vital to monitor your Chihuahua’s weight when feeding him a new food.

This breed can quickly become overweight, so you need to make sure his diet positively impacts him. Track and monitor your weight for changes over time.

If you notice symptoms such as lack of energy, skin or coat disorders, malnutrition, or obesity, you must revise your dog’s diet immediately.

Other Food Alternatives

Can I feed homemade food to my Chihuahua? 

Yes, cooking and feeding your Chihuahua homemade food is okay as long as they get the levels of nutrition they need to live a healthy, allergy-free life. 

Just be sure all the ingredients used are safe for dogs and that all of your Chihuahua’s nutritional requirements are met in every meal.

Remember, switching your Chihuahua’s food from kibble to homemade is slow and should be done progressively. You need to consider factors like your Chihuahua’s eating history, weight, and overall health before giving homemade food to your pet.

Vegan dog food is gaining popularity in dogs that suffer from food intolerance, allergies, digestive issues, or any other food health-related condition. If your Chichi is one of these dogs, it might be worth reading about vegan dog food for Chihuahuas.

Sources & References: [1] Pet Central

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