Blue English Bulldog Breed Info: Health, Price, Traits & More

blue english bulldogs

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This is the most comprehensive and detailed guide to learning all about the Blue English Bulldog. But why is this breed called “Blue” English Bulldog in the first place? How are they different from traditional English Bulldogs? Are they more prone to health issues? From their history to their diet, health, personality, price, and everything in between, this guide covers everything you need to know if you’re considering buying a Blue English Bulldog. Let’s get started!

History & Breed Origin

Blue English Bulldogs were initially bred in


The history and breed origin of the Blue English Bulldog are intertwined with that of the standard English Bulldog, a breed with a rich and storied past that dates back several centuries in England. The distinctive blue coat color of the Blue English Bulldog is a relatively recent development and variation within the breed, emerging from specific genetic traits.

Bulldogs were first bred in early 13th-century England. They were named for the “sport” of bullbaiting, in which a bull was tied to a stake to fight a pack of Bulldogs who would fight the bull while spectators bet on who would win. The extinct Old English Bulldog was specially bred for this sport. When blood sports were outlawed in 1835, bullbaiting began to die out. In response, Bulldog admirers and breeders started the long process of transforming the breed from brawler to companion, says the AKC. Today, the English Bulldog makes a good family pet. The AKC recognizes the breed simply as the Bulldog.

The blue coat color in English Bulldogs results from black-coated English Bulldogs whose coat color has been diluted through generations of breeding. This occurred due to a dilution gene affecting the black pigment in their fur, resulting in the unique blue-gray shade in Blue English Bulldogs. This color variation is due to a recessive gene, meaning both parents must carry this gene for their offspring to exhibit the blue coat.

The Blue English Bulldog shares its lineage and characteristics with the standard English Bulldog; however, the blue coat color is not recognized by all kennel clubs and breed standards, including the American Kennel Club (AKC).

AKC Breed Category

The English Bulldog, including all color variations like the blue English Bulldog, falls under the Non-Sporting Group.

Breed Overview


12 – 16 inches (Male)
12 – 16 inches (Female)


50 – 55 pounds (Male)
40 – 45 pounds (Female)

life expectancy

8 to 10 years


Grey or black

Suitable for:

Great family dog with the right
training and environment


Gentle, affectionate, playful, loyal
and protective nature

Traits & Characteristics

Family Bonding


Loves all family members

Maintenance Level

Low maintenance

High maintenance

Child Friendliness

Not recommended

Great with children

Good With Other Pets

Not recommended

Loves them

Drooling Level

Unlikely to drool

Always drooling

Grooming Frequency



Shedding Level

No shedding

Sheds all the time

Breed Health

Several health problems


Interaction With Strangers


Loves new people

Playfulness Behavior

Plays only when engaged


Adaptability to Change

Prefers routine

Highly adaptable

Protectiveness Level

Doesn't react to threats


Mental Stimulation Needs

Happy to chill

Job or activity required

Energy Level


High energy

Barking Level

Only to alert

Barks for everything

Trainability Difficulty

Slow learner

Fast learner


Easily irritable

Calm, cool & collected


Blue English Bulldogs have a robust and compact physical appearance, with a well-defined musculature. Despite their medium size, they possess a significant presence, thanks to their broad shoulders, sturdy legs, and pronounced chest. Their tail can be either straight or screwed, but it is always short, complementing their rounded body.

The "blue" in their name doesn't refer to a pure blue but a cool-toned, grayish shade resulting from diluting the black coat gene known as the merle gene (M-locus). This dilution gives their short, smooth fur a unique appearance comparable to navy or sky blue. In dogs, the term "blue" is used as a general coat descriptor for a silvery-grey color, often having a distinctly icy sheen, often with a lustrous sheen in sunlight. The coat itself is fine and glossy and lies flat against the body, highlighting the muscular contours of the breed. These dogs are not entirely blue but have fawn or white undercoats. The shade of blue may vary slightly from dog to dog. Two other prominent attributes in Blue English Bulldogs are blue noses and blue eyes.

Blue English Bulldogs retain the breed's iconic facial characteristics, including wide-set eyes, flat noses, and deep wrinkles. Their eyes, often bright and expressive, can appear even more striking against their blue-gray coat. The wrinkles and folds, especially around the face and neck, are deep and pronounced. The ears are small and set high on the head, typically described as "rose" ears, folding back to reveal the inner ear. The muzzle is extremely short, giving the face a flattened appearance. The lower jaw protrudes out in front of the upper jaw, exposing the lower incisors, also known as an underbite dog. Their lips are fleshy, and their face is sweet and loving.

While the coat is predominantly blue, some blue English Bulldogs may have unique markings or patterns, such as white patches on the chest and feet or brindle stripes. These variations add to the individuality of each dog, making every blue English Bulldog a one-of-a-kind companion.

Personality & Temperament

Blue English Bulldogs are renowned for their affectionate, loyal nature and gentle and patient temperament, making them excellent companions and family pets. They form deep, emotional bonds with their owners, demonstrating a level of devotion and love that is truly heartwarming. Although they may appear reserved around strangers, they warm up quickly, showcasing their inherent sociability and desire for companionship.

Adaptable to various living situations, from apartments to homes with yards, their laid-back demeanor makes them suited for both active and quiet households. Despite a streak of stubbornness, they are trainable with patience and consistency, benefiting from early socialization and obedience training.

These dogs are not just about quiet affection; they're also alert and have a courageous side, ready to protect their family if necessary. This balance of loyalty, affection, adaptability, and a protective instinct makes Blue English Bulldogs cherished pets that bring love and joy to their human families.


Blue English Bulldogs are generally healthy. However, some can develop genetic health problems due to poor breeding practices.

  • Brachycephalic airway syndrome
  • Major respiratory problems
  • Overheating
  • Skin problems
  • Degenerative spine disease
  • Eye problems
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Head shakes
  • Thyroid and heart disease
  • CancerJoint and ligament injuries

Recommended Health Tests For Blue English Bulldogs

  • Conducting a dog DNA test like Wisdom Panel can help you identify genetic markers or mutations that could affect your pet's health
  • Dog allergy tests like the 5Strands kit may help determine food or environmental allergies or intolerance
  • Regular BAER testing, especially in puppies, is done to detect any early hearing issues
  • Radiographic evaluation
  • Dog microbiome test
  • Patella evaluation
  • Tracheal hypoplasia
  • Cardiac exam

Blue English Bulldog Food & Nutrition

The nutritional requirements of Blue English Bulldog depend on various factors, including weight, health conditions, size, age, and activity level. A Blue English Bulldog diet should contain the six essential nutrients The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) outlined. Given their size range and energetic disposition, a diet suited for mid-sized dogs is typically appropriate for Blue English Bulldogs. On average, most Blue English Bulldogs will require about 1075 calories per day. If you're giving treats to your Blue English Bulldog, adhere to the 10% rule: 968 calories (90%) from food and 108 calories (10%) from treats. For precise calorie calculations, estimate your dog’s weight and use a dog calorie calculator.


Blue English Bulldogs have low energy levels and require moderate exercise to maintain their health, avoid behavior problems and muscle tone, and prevent obesity, which can exacerbate common health issues like hip dysplasia and heart problems. A daily 30 minutes of exercise (walking and playtime) is the key. This will also ensure your dog is burned out by nightfall and can sleep soundly. Playing dog sports like frisbee can also be enjoyable for you and your Blue English Bulldog.

Due to their brachycephalic nature, Blue English Bulldogs are highly susceptible to overheating and breathing difficulties. Exercise should be done during cooler parts of the day, and water should always be available. Watch for signs of heat exhaustion, such as heavy panting, drooling, or lethargy.

Blue English Bulldogs also require mental stimulation. Engage them in playtime with toys and puzzles that challenge their intellect, such as Nina Ottosson By Outward Hound or Pet Zone IQ Treat Ball, which provide mental engagement through play.


Successful training of a Blue English Bulldog hinges on starting early, employing positive reinforcement, and maintaining consistency throughout the process. Bulldogs can be stubborn, so patience and a positive, reward-based approach are crucial.

Stanley Coren’s dog intelligence tests found that the Bulldog breed can obey a known command on the first try with a 25% or lower success rate and understand new commands after 80-100 tries, meaning this breed doesn’t catch onto things quickly. This is why consistency is key. Training can be difficult for someone who is not a pack leader, as these dogs can be stubborn. If your Bulldog is resistant, take a step back, reassess your approach, and try again later. Never respond with frustration or anger, as this can harm the bond between you and your dog.

Bulldogs have relatively short attention spans, so keep training sessions brief (5-10 minutes) to maintain their interest and enthusiasm. Short, engaging training sessions will keep them interested, focusing on essential commands like "sit," "stay," and "come" to ensure their safety and good manners. Incorporating play into these sessions makes learning more enjoyable and enhances the effectiveness of the training.


According to canine psychologist Stanley Coren’s dog intelligence trials, the Bulldog breed is not among the brightest dogs. They are ranked the 136th smartest dog (out of 138) for obedience & working intelligence, meaning they can obey a known command on the first try with a 25% or lower success rate and understand new commands after 80 repetitions 100. This puts Bulldogs under the “low intelligence” dog category. If we want to put this into perspective, a German Shepherd or Labrador takes fewer than 5 repetitions to learn a new command. That’s 16 times faster than the Bulldogs. But obedience isn’t everything, as Bulldogs show high adaptive and instinctive intelligence. We wouldn’t label Bulldogs as “dumb dogs.” We would label them slow learners. They can learn as much as your average dog with the proper training.


Breeding Blue English Bulldogs responsibly involves a comprehensive understanding of the breed's health requirements and the specific genetics behind their distinctive coat color. The blue coat color is due to a dilution gene mutation, specifically a recessive mutation in the melanophilin (MLPH) gene, known as the d locus. This mutation affects the pigment in the dog's fur, turning what would normally be a black coat into a gray-blue shade and a chocolate brown coat into a pale version, resulting in what is often referred to as blue, charcoal, silver, or Isabella.

To breed Blue English Bulldogs ethically and healthily, breeders must prioritize thorough health screenings to identify and manage common breed health issues, such as hip dysplasia, heart conditions, and respiratory problems, along with potential skin and coat issues like Color Dilution Alopecia, which can be associated with the dilution gene. Breeding two dogs that carry this recessive mutation without passing on adverse health conditions is a key concern.

Breeders should ensure that both females and males come from healthy bloodlines and have undergone thorough health screenings. Breeding Bulldogs, including blue variants, should follow best practices to safeguard the health and welfare of the dogs. These include waiting until the female is two years old and after her second heat cycle. Don’t breed female Blue English Bulldogs in two consecutive heat seasons. She needs the proper time to recover. You should expect a litter size of between three and four puppies.

Grooming & Care

Owning a Blue English Bulldog is more than a privilege; it's a responsibility. Dogs rely on their owners for necessities like food and shelter, but they deserve more than just the basics. If you decide to bring a Blue English Bulldog into your life, it's essential to recognize and embrace the full extent of commitment required for responsible dog ownership.

Although they have a short coat, Blue English Bulldogs are moderate shedders. Regular brushing with a bristle brush at least once a week can help maintain a clean and tidy coat by removing dead hair.

Blue English Bulldogs shed heavily twice a year, typically in Spring and Fall. Use a de-shedding brush to manage their undercoat and minimize shedding.

A Blue English Bulldog's short hair means they are less likely to pick up as much dirt and unpleasant odors compared to long-haired dogs. Bathe your Blue English Bulldog monthly or when they're dirty or smelly. Opt for shedding-preventive shampoo to control hair loss. Use waterless dog shampoo for quick cleaning or if your dog dislikes water. Avoid over-bathing to prevent dry skin and coat damage. Our guide on when to bathe dogs has excellent advice on bathing dogs.

Trim their nails every 2 to 3 months. Clean their ears weekly to prevent infections, excess moisture, or wax build-up using products like Zymox Cleanser With Bio-Active Enzymes or Zymox Otic Enzymatic Solution. Alternatively, you can take your Blue English Bulldog to the dog groomer every three months; they will take care of all that.

Blue English Bulldogs may be prone to dental issues. Brushing three times a week is the minimum recommendation to help remove plaque and prevent tartar accumulation in Blue English Bulldogs. Include a dog dental treat for optimal oral health. We recommend Bark Bright’s dental kit.

blue english bulldog care

Is The Blue English Bulldog A Good Family Dog?

Blue English Bulldogs are a great option if you’re looking for a new addition to your family. Their patient and gentle demeanor is particularly advantageous in households with children, as Bulldogs are known for their tolerance and protective yet non-aggressive instincts towards children. However, supervision during interactions is always advised to ensure the dog's and children's safety and well-being. They also socialize well with other dogs and pets.

Bulldogs adapt well to most situations, making them great companions for first-time dog parents. They are recognized as loyal pets and tend to form strong bonds with owners. Bulldogs are relatively low-maintenance pups and are happy to spend most of the day on the couch. However, they need proper exercise. Usually, their appearance and courageous nature alone are enough to frighten intruders; they are fine watchdogs. English bulldogs can be wary of unfamiliar dogs and people. Early socialization is needed, as with any dog.

Families should note the breed’s specific health and grooming needs, including the importance of regular veterinary check-ups and maintaining their unique skin folds to prevent infections. Additionally, their sensitivity to heat necessitates a cool, comfortable living environment to avoid overheating.

To better understand if a Blue English Bulldog is the right fit for you, consider watching videos featuring experienced Blue English Bulldog owners. These resources provide insights and share personal experiences with the breed, offering valuable perspectives to help you make an informed decision about welcoming a Blue English Bulldog into your home.

How Much Do Blue English Bulldogs Cost?

The average Blue English Bulldog price ranges between $5,000 and $14,000. The high cost is due to the specialized breeding process, popularity, high demand, and the limited number of puppies available. Prices are higher for Blue English Bulldog puppies with sought-after traits, like blue eyes or unique color patterns.

In addition to the purchase price, the annual cost of caring for a Blue English Bulldog is around $1,500, which is more than many other breeds. Be cautious of unusually cheap offers, often below $1,000, as they may indicate backyard breeders who lack proper breeding knowledge and care. It's best to buy from reputable, recognized breeders.

Where to Buy A Blue English Bulldog?

Finding a reputable Blue English Bulldog breeder can be challenging. A good starting point is local animal shelters or dog rescue organizations. While finding a Blue English Bulldog for free is rare, opportunities can occasionally arise. Exploring options with local breeders in your area is also advisable. For those interested in pre-screened, healthy teacup puppies, Pawrade and PuppySpot are recommended resources that offer puppies from reputable U.S. breeders. It’s crucial to request medical records and certifications for both the parents and the Blue English Bulldog puppy to verify health screenings, ensuring a higher likelihood of your puppy being healthy.

Blue English Bulldogs Coat & Colors Pictures

Here is a visual list of some of the different hues you can expect to see in Blue English Bulldogs.

Blue English Bulldog Puppies

Here’s a video of a cute Blue Bulldog puppy and a step-by-step guide to getting started with your new furry baby.

Blue English Bulldog Insurance Consideration

Blue English Bulldogs can be predisposed to certain genetic disorders, including hip dysplasia, which can lead to arthritis and other mobility issues. Given these conditions are lifelong, it's crucial when selecting dog insurance for Bulldogs to examine any coverage limits and fully understand the duration for which conditions are covered. This foresight ensures your Blue English Bulldog receives the necessary care throughout its life without unforeseen financial burdens.


A Blue English Bulldog is a variation of the English Bulldog breed, known for its distinctive coat color. This color results from a specific genetic trait that dilutes the traditional black coat color, giving it a unique blue-gray appearance. Aside from their coat color, Blue English Bulldogs share the same physical structure and temperament as any standard English Bulldog, including their muscular build, broad face, and gentle, loyal nature.

The blue coat color in English Bulldogs is due to a dilution gene, specifically a dilute (d) gene variant. This gene affects the melanin in the dog’s fur, altering the black pigment to a lighter, blue-gray shade. A Bulldog must inherit the dilute gene from both parents to express this blue coat. It's important to note that this genetic trait is purely cosmetic and does not affect the Bulldog's health or temperament. However, breeding specifically for color can raise ethical concerns if not done considering the breed's overall health and genetic diversity.

The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes the English Bulldog breed; however, the AKC breed standard for English bulldogs does not specifically recognize "blue" as an official coat color. The AKC breed standard outlines acceptable colors and markings. While variations in coat color exist within the breed due to genetic diversity, the AKC standard emphasizes physical structure, temperament, and overall health above specific coat colors. Breeders focusing on producing healthy, well-tempered Bulldogs should prioritize these aspects above pursuing rare or unique coat colors. It's also worth noting that some registries and organizations may acknowledge a wider range of colors.

The Bottom Line

Blue English Bulldogs can make incredible companions, but you need to understand this breed may require more health care needs than most dogs. For instance, if you live in a hot, weathered city, remember Bulldogs are highly vulnerable to heat. They also need extra cleaning care for the skin folds and tail pockets. They may also have trouble breathing, among other conditions. Bulldogs are incredibly loving and rewarding dogs in every aspect, but do your research first and make sure you can care for these precious furry wrinkly dudes through the good, the bad, and the ugly. Bringing a Blue English bulldog home is a commitment for life. And if you think you can give them the best life possible.

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Canine Bible uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process and product review methodology to learn more about how we fact-check, test products, and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Wikiwand
  2. Bulldog Club of America
  3. The Smart Canine
  4. University of California, Davis
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